Some information can be shared directly, embedded
in distinct courses, planned learning experiences, and other forms
of communicating and sharing. Other information must be repurposed
or otherwise transformed, through data mining or other
types of filtering and aggregation, that expose significance in
the information. Sense making is performed by humans
using these tools. One persons information can become another
persons knowledge, and vice versa, but not without overcoming
some barriers in current practice.
Its impossible to calculate the
full value of a given piece of information to all the people who
might possess it.
Richard Hunter, 2002
Overcoming Obstacles to
Digitization and Sharing
Obstacles still remain to the effective sharing, exploitation,
and creation of knowledge. The first obstacle is not fully appreciating
the elements of latent potential in each source of knowledge.
The second is representing the results to others in
a form that is accessible, easily comprehensible, and useful, even
if others are separated by time or distance from the source of the
knowledge. This representation of content and context is what we
call e-knowledge. One important aspect of e-knowledge is being able
to unbundle content in ways that facilitate subsequent editing and
recombination. Another aspect is being able to identify other contexts
in which content might be relevant if it can first be generalized
from its original form then repurposed to suit the new context.
The capacity to combine learning content in useful ways is also
significant. As yet, few organizations can do those things well,
if at all. Even organizations having developed such capability face
significant problems in exploiting their advantage. For example,
historically publishers have bought and sold exploitation rights
on a geographic basis: country-by-country with different pricing
structures in each market. That business model is incompatible with
forays by those same publishers into e-publishing via the Internet
where the market is worldwide. Reconciling those two business models
(traditional and digital) is proving problematic.