A revolution in the sharing of knowledge…

Transforming e-Knowledge  
TABLE OF CONTENTS     Technologies, Standards, and Marketplaces for e-Knowledge
© SCUP 2003
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Standards Incorporate Consensus and Create Value (continued)


Chapter 4

Technologies, Standards, and Marketplaces for e-Knowledge

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Examples of e-Knowledge Standards (continued)

As the international standards movement has gained momentum,
a broad range of activities have come under scrutiny.

Area of Standards What It Is   Key Players and Developments
Learner Records  

Enables different system components to share information about learners. Provides a key for performance- and decision-support systems.

  • IMS Learner Information Package (LIP) specification.
  • Personal and Private Information (PAPI) drafted by IEEE and now being examined by ISO/IEC

Provides trusted mechanisms that protect data and networks from un-authorized access.

  • Security issues are complex and continually requiring resolve — the primary groups working in the technology infrastructure domain are the IETF and W3C. Specific topics include network security, user authentication, computer system security, and cryptography.
  • The IETF and W3C are jointly developing standards for digital signatures.
  • The Open Knowledge Initiative (OKI) has developed authorization and authentication systems for access to data, e.g., NT Domains, LDAP Servers, Kerberos, etc.
Enterprise Systems Integration  

Focuses primarily on interoperability of administrative systems.

  • SIF is “creating a technology standard that will revolutionize the business of (k-12) education” through specifying protocols that enable, e.g., student information systems to interoperate with human resources, financial management, and voice telephony systems both within and between schools.
  • IMS has developed specifications for enterprise systems and is in process of developing these further. Also related to the issue of integration are the IMS specifications on Digital repositories Interoperability.
  • OKI is developing a suite of APIs that define and implement access between learning technology and common services.
Organizational workflow  

Supports processes critical to knowledge management and

  • WfMC has been promoting and developing workflow standards for about a decade.
  • OASIS is developing a suite of protocols and languages associated with ebXML aimed at specifying the public interfaces required for e-business.
  • The Business Process Management Initiative (BPMI) is complementing the work of OASIS through development of standard private interfaces.
  • The GKEC has established a standard process and scoped out areas of activity associated with knowledge economics standardization.
Adapted from: Geoff Collier and Robby Robson, Elearning Interoperability Standards, January 2002, 2–4.
A truly global collection of organizations is engaged in the development of standards and specifications.
Individuals and organizations should follow the developments emanating from these groups.

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